Supreme Court Imposes Rs 5 Lakh Cost On Wife’s Father For Filing False Cases To Harass Husband

In a recent landmark judgement, the Supreme Court of India delivered a significant ruling that not only sheds light on legal intricacies but also emphasizes the importance of fair and just legal practices. The case in question, Partyek Bansal vs. State of Rajasthan & Ors., highlights the misuse of legal mechanisms to harass individuals, particularly in cases related to matrimonial disputes.

Background of the Case

The case revolves around matrimonial discord between the appellant, Partyek Bansal, and his wife, wherein false allegations were levelled against him. The complainant, who is the father of the appellant’s wife, filed multiple complaints at different locations, aiming to pressurize and harass the appellant. The allegations included charges under Sections 498A, 406, 384, 420, and 120(B) of the Indian Penal Code, 1860.

Key Proceedings

The appellant, Partyek Bansal, approached the Rajasthan High Court seeking the quashing of one of the FIRs filed against him, arguing that it was a duplication of an earlier FIR lodged in a different jurisdiction. However, the High Court dismissed the petition, leading to the appeal in the Supreme Court.

Upon hearing the arguments from both sides, the Supreme Court noted the abuse of legal processes and the clear intent to harass the appellant. It observed that the complainant and his daughter, the wife, filed complaints in succession, without withdrawing the earlier one or appearing before the court for the trial. This not only wasted valuable court time but also subjected the appellant to unnecessary legal proceedings.

Supreme Court’s Verdict

In its judgement, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the appellant, highlighting two critical errors in the High Court’s decision. Firstly, it emphasized that the complaint in question was filed after the one lodged in another jurisdiction, contradicting the High Court’s finding. Secondly, it pointed out that the authorities were well aware of the earlier proceedings, undermining the High Court’s assertion that there was no knowledge of the previous complaint.

The Court unequivocally condemned the misuse of official positions to pursue personal vendettas, stating that such actions undermine the sanctity of the legal system. As a deterrent, the Court imposed a hefty cost of Rs. 5,00,000 on the complainant, which is to be deposited with the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee and the appellant.

Implications and Significance

This judgement by the Supreme Court sets a strong precedent against the misuse of legal mechanisms in matrimonial disputes. It underscores the importance of upholding the principles of fairness and justice in legal proceedings. By imposing a significant cost on the complainant, the Court sends a clear message that such tactics will not be tolerated and that those abusing the legal system will face consequences.

Moreover, the ruling serves as a reminder to legal practitioners and law enforcement agencies to diligently review cases and prevent the exploitation of legal loopholes for personal gain.


The Supreme Court’s verdict in the Partyek Bansal case marks a significant step towards ensuring the integrity of legal processes and protecting individuals from undue harassment. It reaffirms the judiciary’s commitment to upholding justice and fairness, while also deterring individuals from misusing legal avenues for personal vendettas. This judgement stands as a beacon of hope for those seeking justice in the face of legal abuse and serves as a reminder of the judiciary’s role in safeguarding the rights of citizens.

Posted and reproduced in Public Interest by
Adv. Sulaiman Bhimani Legal Consultant
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